This brief report on the current state of law and cybercrime in the United States was prepared for the American Journal of Comparative Law in conjunction with the 2010 Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law in Washington, DC. Amends the Election Code, requires the State Board of Elections, in consultation with the Department of Innovation and Technology, to study and evaluate the use of blockchain technology to protect voter records and election results with the assistance of specified experts, requires the board to submit a report on the use of blockchain technology to the governor and General Assembly, repeals the provisions on Jan. 1, 2023. OH H 368 LA H 6 Urges the State Board of Education, by the 2020-2021 school year, to establish a P12 Cyber Threat Response Team within the State Board of Education to provide assistance to public schools, early childhood providers, and special education facilities across the state when faced with a cybersecurity threat. Status: Pending MI H 5427 Creates a cybersecurity enhancement fund to be used for the purpose of upgrading cybersecurity in local governments, including but not limited to, villages, towns and cities with a population of one million or less and restricts the use of taxpayer money in paying ransoms in response to ransomware attacks. Directs the Department of Information Technology to study and assess the threat of foreign technologies in state-owned computer systems. Status: Failed--adjourned Status: Pending At the request of law enforcement agencies, however, some notifications may be delayed. Hundreds of actions have been brought for non-compliance. Status: Pending At the state level, several states have passed laws imposing security requirements. Title 18, cybercrime laws set penalties for identity theft (Levin and Ilkina, 2013). Exempts statewide standards and protocols relative to information technology, networks, telephony and cybersecurity developed by the Department of Information Technology in consultation with the Information Technology Council. Public company boards of directors and officers owe shareholders fiduciary duties, including the duties of care and loyalty. Status: Failed--adjourned Secure .gov websites use HTTPS A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. MA H 223 Share sensitive … Status: Failed--adjourned Relates to competencies and core curriculum, requires each local board of education to prescribe mandatory instruction concerning cybersecurity in every year in every grade from kindergarten through 12, provides for a definition, requires the State Board of Education to prescribe a minimum course of study in cybersecurity, provides for duties of the state school superintendent. Status: Pending The SEC has issued guidance regarding the factors public companies should report with respect to cybersecurity. Status: Enacted Cyber law is one of the newest areas of the legal system. The FTC had alleged that Uber failed to live up to statements that access to rider and driver accounts were closely monitored, which, the FTC alleged, was not the case, rendering the statements false or misleading. Cyber law is any law that applies to the internet and internet-related technologies. FL H 4007 Status: Enacted Status: Failed MA S 2056 Second, it encourages the sharing of cyber-threat information between companies and with the government. Status: Failed--adjourned Relates to the register of volunteer cybersecurity and information technology professionals, directs the secretary of administration to establish a register of cybersecurity and information technology professionals interested in volunteering to assist localities and school divisions, in collaborating on workforce development, and in providing mentorship opportunities. Status: Pending Prohibits the state and political subdivisions of the state from exStatus: Pending public money for payment to persons responsible for ransomware attacks. For example, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (“GLBA”) and its implementing regulations require “financial institutions” to implement written policies and procedures that are “reasonably designed” to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer records, and protect against anticipated threats and unauthorised access and use. § 1462 – Importation or transportation of obscene matters Whoever brings into the United States, or any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, or knowingly uses any express company or other common carrier or interactive computer service (as defined in section While 154 countries (79 per cent) have enacted cybercrime legislation, the pattern varies by region: Europe has the highest adoption rate (93 per cent) and … Status: Failed--adjourned Status: Pending The Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) and Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (“FACTA”) impose requirements with respect to credit reports. NY S 6822 Relates to student data collection by the Department of Education, school districts and accredited nonpublic schools. Status: Pending A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. Requires the department of education to provide annual notifications to school districts to combat cybercrime. WA H 2663 The study further examines transnational cooperation and explores perceptions of the effectiveness of the EU response, pinpointing remaining challenges and suggesting avenues for improvement. Other NCSL resources address related topics such as security breach laws and legislation, privacy and other issues. 270, 272, 4 L.Ed.2d 252 (1960) and United States v. Inigo, 925 F.2d 641, 648 (3d Cir.1991)). Section 2261A(1) covers in-person stalking and Section 2261A(2) covers cyberstalking— stalking that occurs using Internet or … United States Code (18 U.S.C.) Reporting computer hacking, fraud and other internet-related crime. The Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) has been particularly active in this space and has interpreted its enforcement authority under § 5(a) of the FTC Act, applying to unfair and deceptive practices, as a means to require companies to implement security measures. NJ AJR 153 Urges the legislative council to assign to an appropriate study committee the topic of the potential dangers of cyberhacking in state government, specifically the use of ransomware. Requires a supplier of water to inspect certain valves in a public water system in a certain manner, repair or replace valves, inspect fire hydrants, formulate and implement a plan, identify the locations of valves, and record characteristics and identifiers of certain valves, requires a supplier of water to develop a certain cybersecurity program by a specified date. IL H 5398 Timeframes for notification vary by state; however, 30 days is a common standard. Contract theories may involve claims of breach of contract where there is a written agreement between the plaintiff and the defendant that contains an express promise of reasonable security measures to protect personal information. Provides for the mandatory training in cybersecurity awareness for all state and local employees, officials and contractors. Requires Economic Development Authority to establish program offering low interest loan to certain financial institutions and personal data businesses to protect business's information technology system from customer personal information disclosure. For instance, several federal statutes have data breach notice provisions, but each state and four territories also have data breach laws. Requires state employees to receive best cybersecurity practices. V. U.S., case no risk assessments and implementation of appropriate controls to identified! 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