Introducing methods of health and wellbeing in traditional Māori society Prior to colonization, Maori society was constructed around the relationship between people and the natural environment (Durie, 1994). When a person, living thing or object was tapu it would often mean people’s behaviour was restricted. Our processed foods have gone through rigorous quality assessment procedures. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. A person is imbued with mana and tapu by reason of his or her birth. This paper discusses three concepts, mana, tapu and noa, that lie at the heart of Maori culture. ‘the smoke consumed is classified as food and is noa’ More example sentences ‘Ancient Maori who ate their adversaries as an act of defilement or humiliation transformed the act into noa.’ ‘The room, which was frequented by dignitaries and council staff, was noa.’ ‘This is not to say that one category (e.g. Tapu’s opposite was noa. Tapu and noa remain part of Māori culture today, although persons today are not subject to the same tapu as that of previous times. Noa in turn can mean normal, unrestricted, o Tapu or tabu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Williams gives these definitions: “free from tapu,” “ordinary,” “within one’s power,” and “absence of limitations or conditions.”14 Tapu and noa fit well with Jonathan Z. Smith’s delineation of the sacred and the profane as dualistic, spatial categories that have to be kept separate. 2. Tapu and noa are not simply words, they are ideas. Noa is similar to a blessing. Noa is similar to a blessing. For example, it is important to keep things that are tapu separate from things that are noa. It has numerous meanings and references. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached. Bums & Tables // Tapu & Noa. Sanctity, Power, and the “Impure Sacred”: Analyzing Maori Concepts of Tapu and Noa in Early Documentary Sources * In some instances, behaviour and practices that are not consistent with Māori beliefs and values can cause distress and result in a lack of confidence and participation in health care services by Māori. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. Kāore he kai maoa o runga i tēnei waka, i a Tākitimu, nā te tapu. Hostile architecture is a good example of concepts of Tapu and Noa in a modern context that exists a lot around us in cities. Tapu and noa are key cultural constructs that were central to traditional Māori society, and continue to inform thinking and practice in Māori society today. Noa, on the other hand, can not be used as a noun. man) 'is' tapu and that the other (e.g. This might be in respect of a recent accident or drowning, or to help manage overfishing or seasonal pressures on a resource. For instance food should not be placed on any surface where containers containing excreta may be placed. Higher born people have a higher level of tapu. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. The intent of this document is to provide some insight, generic language and frameworks about how these concepts might be considered in biowaste management – with a particular focus on biosolids. 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